MILLED COIN INSCRIPTIONS AND THEIR MEANINGS

OBVERSE LEGEND

TRANSLATION

REVERSE LEGEND

TRANSLATION

COMMENTS

         

OLIVER CROMWELL

       
         

OLIVAR D G R P ANG SCO HIB & PRO

Oliver by the Grace of God, Protector of the Republic of England, Scotland, Ireland etc

PAX QVAERITVR BELLO

Peace is Sought Through War

Cromwell gold and silver

OLIVAR D G R P ANG SCO HI & PRO

Oliver by the Grace of God, Protector of the Republic of England, Scotland, Ireland etc

PAX QVAERITVR BELLO

Peace is Sought Through War

Obverse variation of the above, Cromwell gold and silver

         

CHARLES II

       
         

CAROLVS II DEI GRATIA

Charles II by the Grace of God

MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Charles II gold and silver

CAROLVS II DEI GRA

Charles II by the Grace of God

MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Obverse variation of the above

CAROLVS II D G M B F & H REX

Charles II by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

CHRISTO AVSPICE REGNO

I Reign Under The Auspice of Christ

Small silver

CAROLVS A CAROLO

Charles Son of Charles

BRITANNIA

Britain

Charles II copper

         

JAMES II

       
         

IACOBVS II DEI GRATIA

James II by the Grace of God

MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

James II gold and silver

IACOBVS SECVNDVS

James II

BRITANNIA

Britain

James II copper

         

WILLIAM AND

MARY

     
         

GVLIELMVS ET MARIA DEI GRATIA

William and Mary, by the Grace of God

MAG BR FR ET HIB REX ET REGINA

King and Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland

William and Mary gold and silver

GVLIELMVS ET MARIA DEI GRATIA

William and Mary, by the Grace of God

MAG BR FR ET HI REX ET REGINA

King and Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Reverse variation of  above, William and Mary silver

GVLIELMVS ET MARIA D G

William and Mary, by the Grace of God

MAG BR FR ET HI REX ET REGINA

King and Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Small silver, obverse DEI GRATIA abbreviated to D G

GVLIELMVS ET MARIA

William and Mary

BRITANNIA

Britain

William and Mary copper

         

WILLIAM III

       
         

GVLIELMVS III DEI GRA

William III by the Grace of God

MAG BR FRA ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

William III gold and silver (Note spelling errors in the King's name on the obverse legend in this reign, GVLIEIMVS, GVLELMVS, GVLIELM(upside down A)S, GVLIEMVS, GVLIFLMVS, GVLILEMVS and possibly more)

GVLIELMVS TERTIVS

William III

BRITANNIA

Britain

William III copper (Note spelling errors in the king's name on obverse legend in this reign, as above)

         

ANNE

       
         

ANNA DEI GRATIA

Anne by the Grace of God

MAG BR FRA ET HIB REG

Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Anne gold and silver

ANNA DEI GRATIA

Anne by the Grace of God

MAG BRI FR ET HIB REG

Queen of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Reverse variation of the above, Anne gold and silver

ANNA DEI GRATIA

Anne by the Grace of God

BRITANNIA

Britain

Anne copper farthing

         

GEORGE I

       
         

GEORGIVS D G MAG BR FR ET HIB REX F D

George I by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith

BRVN ET LVN DVX S R I A TH ET PR EL

Duke of Brunswick and Lueneburg, Arch Treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire

George I gold 1714

GEORGIVS D G M BR FR ET HIB REX F D

George I by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith

BRVN ET L DVX S R I A TH ET EL

Duke of Brunswick and Lueneburg, Arch Treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire

George I gold and silver

GEORGIVS DEI GRA

George I by the Grace of God

MAG BRI FR ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Small George I silver

GEORGIVS DEI GRA

George I by the Grace of God

MAG BR FR ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Small George I silver, reverse variation of the above (Also spelling errors on reverse HIPEX, HIPREX, Should be HIB REX)

GEORGIVS REX

King George I

BRITANNIA

Britain

George I copper (Note spelling error in the King's name GEORGI(upside down A)S)

         

GEORGE II

       
         

GEORGIVS II DEI GRATIA

George II by the Grace of God

M B F ET H REX F D B ET L D S R I A T ET E

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lueneburg, Arch Treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire

George II gold and silver

GEORGIUS II DEI GRATIA

George II by the Grace of God

M B F ET H REX F D B ET L D S R I A T ET E

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lueneburg, Arch Treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire

George II gold and silver but GEORGIUS instead of GEORGIVS

GEORGIVS II DEI GRATIA

George II by the Grace of God

MAG BRI FR ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Small George II silver

GEORGIVS II REX

King George II

BRITANNIA

Britain

George II copper

GEORGIUS II REX

King George II

BRITANNIA

Britain

George II copper but GEORGIUS instead of GEORGIVS

         

GEORGE III

       
         

GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA

George III by the Grace of God

M B F ET H REX F D B ET L D S R I A T ET E

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lueneburg, Arch Treasurer and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire

George III gold and silver

GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA

George III by the Grace of God

BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR

King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

George III gold 1813

GEORGIUS III D G BRITANNIAR REX F D

George III by the Grace of God, King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE

Evil to him who evil thinks

George III gold and silver

GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA

George III by the Grace of God

BRITANNIARUM REX FID DEF

King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

George III gold and silver

GEOR III D G BRITT REX F D

George III by the Grace of God, King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE

Evil to him who evil thinks

George III silver

GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA

George III by the Grace of God

MAG BRI FR ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Small George III silver

GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA

George III by the Grace of God

MAG BRI FR ET HIB REX

King of Great Britain, France and Ireland

Small George III silver but GEORGIUS instead of GEORGIVS

GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA

George III by the Grace of God

BRITANNIARUM REX FID DEF

King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

Small George III silver but GEORGIVS instead of GEORGIUS

GEORGIUS III D G REX

King George III by the Grace of God

BRITANNIA

Britain

George III copper

GEORGIUS III REX

King George III

BRITANNIA

Britain

George III copper

GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX

King George III by the Grace of God

BRITANNIA

Britain

George III copper

GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA REX

King George III by the Grace of God

BRITANNIA (1 FARTHING)

Britain 1 Farthing

George III copper farthing 1799

         

GEORGE IV

       
         

GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA

George IV by the Grace of God

BRITANNIARUM REX FID DEF

King of The British territories, Defender of the Faith

George IV gold and silver

GEORGIUS IIII D G BRITANNIAR REX F D

George IV by the Grace of God, King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

   

George IV gold and silver

GEORGIUS IIII D G BRITANNIAR REX F D

George IV by the Grace of God, King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

ANNO

Year

George IV gold and silver

GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA

George IV by the Grace of God

BRITANNIARUM REX FIDEI DEFENSOR

King of The British territories, Defender of the Faith

George IV silver

GEORGIUS IIII BRITANNIARUM REX F D

George IV King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

   

Small George IV silver

GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA

George IV by the Grace of God

BRITANNIAR REX FID DEF

King of The British territories, Defender of the Faith

George IV copper

GEORGIUS IIII DEI GRATIA

George IV by the Grace of God

BRITANNIAR REX FID DEF

King of The British territories, Defender of the Faith

George IV copper as above but GEORGIUS IIII instead of GEORGIUS IV

         

WILLIAM IV

       
         

GULIELMUS IIII D G BRITANNIAR REX F D

William IV by the Grace of God, King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

ANNO

Year

William IV gold and silver

GULIELMUS IIII D G BRITANNIAR REX F D

William IV by the Grace of God, King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

ONE SHILLING, SIX PENCE, FOUR PENCE

12d or One Shilling, 6d or Six Pence, 4d or Four Pence

William IV silver

GULIELMUS IIII D G BRITANNIAR REX F D

William IV by the Grace of God, King of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

   

Small William IV silver

GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA

William IV by the Grace of God

BRITANNIAR REX FID DEF

King of The British territories, Defender of the Faith

William IV copper

         

VICTORIA

       
         

VICTORIA D G BRITANNIARUM REGINA F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

DIRIGE DEUS GRESSUS MEOS MDCCCXXXIX

May the Lord direct my steps 1839

Victorian gold 1839 only

VICTORIA D G BRITANNIARUM REGINA F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

DIRIGIT DEUS GRESSUS MEOS MDCCCXXXIX

The Lord direct my steps 1839

Victorian gold 1839 only

VICTORIA D G BRITT REG F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

   

Victorian gold and silver

VICTORIA DEI GRA BRITT REGINA FID DEF IND IMP

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India

   

Victorian gold and silver

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA

Victoria by the Grace of God

BRITANNIARUM REGINA FID DEF

Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

Victorian gold and silver

VICTORIA D G BRITANNIAR REG F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

   

Victorian gold

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR REG F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

TUEATUR UNITA DEUS ANNO DOM (Date Roman Numerals, Example MDCCCXLVII

May the Lord protect the Union in the year of 1847

Gothic crown

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA

Victoria by the Grace of God

FID DEF BRITT REG

Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

Victorian silver

VICTORIA DEI GRA BRITT REG

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories

FID DEF IND IMP HALF CROWN

Defender of the Faith, Empress of India, Half Crown (30d)

Half crown (Old head)

VICTORIA REGINA 1849

Queen Victoria 1849

ONE FLORIN ONE TENTH OF A POUND

One Florin One Tenth of One Pound (24d)

Two shillings or one florin 1849 (Godless type)

VICTORIA D G BRITT REG F D (Date Roman Numerals, Example MDCCCXLVII)

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith, 1847

ONE FLORIN ONE TENTH OF A POUND

One Florin One Tenth of One Pound (24d)

Two shillings or one florin (Gothic type)

VICTORIA DEI GRA BRITT REGINA FID DEF IND IMP

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India

ONE FLORIN TWO SHILLINGS

One Florin Two Shillings (24d)

Two shillings or one florin (Old head type)

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT REGINA F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

HONI SOIT QUI MAL Y PENSE

Evil to him who evil thinks

Victorian silver

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITANNIAR REG F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

ONE SHILLING, SIX PENCE

12d or One Shilling, 6d or Six Pence

Victorian silver

VICTORIA DEI GRA BRITT REGINA FID DEF IND IMP

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India

ONE SHILLING, SIX PENCE

12d or One Shilling, 6d or Six Pence

Victorian silver

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA BRITT REGINA F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

SIX PENCE

Six Pence (6d)

Old head silver six pence

VICTORIA D G BRITANNIAR REGINA F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

FOUR PENCE

Four Pence (4d)

Victorian silver groat

VICTORIA D G BRITANNIAR REGINA F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

   

Small Victorian silver

VICTORIA DEI GRATIA

Victoria by the Grace of God

BRITANNIAR REG FID DEF

Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

Victorian copper

VICTORIA D G BRITT REG F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

ONE PENNY, HALF PENNY, FARTHING, ONE THIRD FARTHING

One Penny (1d), Half Penny (d), Farthing (d), One Third Farthing (1/12d)

Victorian bronze

VICTORIA DEI GRA BRITT REGINA FID DEF IND IMP

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Empress of India

ONE PENNY, HALF PENNY, FARTHING

One Penny (1d), Half Penny (d), Farthing (d)

Victorian bronze

VICTORIA D G BRITANNIAR REG F D

Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen of the British territories, Defender of the Faith

HALF FARTHING, QUARTER FARTHING

Half Farthing (⅛d), Quarter Farthing (1/16d)

Small Victorian bronze

         

EDWARD VII

       
         

EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA BRITT OMN REX FID DEF IND IMP

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

   

Edward VII gold and silver

EDWARDVS VII D G BRITT OMN REX F D IND IMP

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

   

Edward VII gold (As above but DEI GRA FID DEF abbreviated to D G F D)

EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA BRITT OMN REX

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories

FID DEF IND IMP HALF CROWN

Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India, Half Crown (30d)

Edward VII half crown

EDWARDVS VII D G BRITT OMN REX F D IND IMP

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

ONE FLORIN TWO SHILLINGS

One Florin Two Shillings (24d)

Edward VII florin or two shillings

EDWARDVS VII D G BRITT OMN REX

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories

FID DEF IND IMP ONE SHILLING

Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India, One Shilling (12d)

Edward VII shilling

EDWARDVS VII D G BRITT OMN REX

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories

SIX PENCE

Six Pence (6d)

Edward VII six pence

EDWARDVS VII D G BRITT OMN REX F D IND IMP

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

   

Small Edward VII silver

EDWARDVS VII DEI GRA BRITT OMN REX FID DEF IND IMP

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

ONE PENNY, HALF PENNY, FARTHING

One Penny (1d), Half Penny (d), Farthing (d)

Edward VII bronze

EDWARDVS VII D G BRITT OMN REX F D IND IMP

Edward VII by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

ONE THIRD FARTHING

One Third Farthing (1/12d)

Edward VII Third Farthing

         

GEORGE V

       
         

GEORGIVS V DEI GRA BRITT OMN REX FID DEF IND IMP

George V by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

   

George V gold

GEORGIVS V D G BRITT OMN REX F D IND IMP

George V by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

   

George V gold and small silver

GEORGIVS V DEI GRA BRITT OMN REX

George V by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories

FID DEF IND IMP CROWN, HALF CROWN, ONE FLORIN, ONE SHILLING, SIXPENCE

Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India, Crown (60d), Half Crown (30d), One Florin (24d), One Shilling (12d), Sixpence (6d)

George V silver

GEORGIVS V D G BRITT OMN REX F D IND IMP

George V by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

CROWN 1935, ONE FLORIN, A SIXPENCE D, THREE PENCE

Crown 1935 (60d), One Florin (24d), Sixpence (6d), Three Pence (3d)

George V silver

GEORGIVS V D G BRITT OMN REX FID DEF IND IMP

George V by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

ONE PENNY, HALF PENNY, FARTHING

One Penny (1d), Half Penny (d), Farthing (d)

George V bronze

GEORGIVS V D G BRITT OMN REX F D IND IMP

George V by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

ONE THIRD FARTHING 1913

One Third Farthing 1913 (1/12d)

George V third farthing 1913

         

EDWARD VIII

       
         

ABDICATED 1936

 

ABDICATED 1936

 

Although patterns were struck, no coins of Edward VIII were issued.

         

GEORGE VI

       
         

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX F D IND IMP

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

   

George VI gold and small silver

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories

FID DEF IND IMP CROWN 1937

Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India, Crown 1937 (60d)

George VI silver crown 1937

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX F D FIVE SHILLINGS

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Five Shillings (60d)

   

George VI silver crown 1951

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories

FID DEF IND IMP HALF CROWN, TWO SHILLINGS, ONE SHILLING, SIXPENCE, THREE PENCE

Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India, Half Crown (30d), Two Shillings (24d), One Shilling (12d), Sixpence (6d), Three Pence (3d)

George VI silver

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories

FID DEF HALF CROWN, TWO SHILLINGS, ONE SHILLING, SIXPENCE

Defender of the Faith, Half Crown (30d), Two Shillings (24d), One Shilling (12d), Sixpence (6d)

IND IMP omitted George VI cupro-nickel

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX F D IND IMP

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

THREE PENCE

Three Pence (3d)

George VI brass three pence

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX FIDEI DEF

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith

THREE PENCE

Three Pence (3d)

IND IMP omitted George VI brass three pence

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX FIDEI DEF

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith

   

Small George VI cupro-nickel

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX F D IND IMP

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India

ONE PENNY, HALF PENNY, FARTHING

One Penny (1d), Half Penny (d), Farthing (d)

George VI bronze

GEORGIVS VI D G BR OMN REX FIDEI DEF

George VI by the Grace of God, King of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith

ONE PENNY, HALF PENNY, FARTHING

One Penny (1d), Half Penny (d), Farthing (d)

George VI bronze

         

ELIZABETH II

       
         

PRE DECIMAL ONLY 1953 - 1970

       
         

ELIZABETH II DEI GRA BRITT OMN REGINA F D

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith

   

Elizabeth II gold and Cupro nickel

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F D

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith

   

Elizabeth II gold and Cupro nickel

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT OMN REGINA FIDEI DEFENSOR FIVE SHILLINGS

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith, Five Shillings

   

Cupro nickel Five Shillings 1953

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F D 1965

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith

CHURCHILL

Sir Winston Churchill

Cupro nickel Five Shillings

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA BRITT OMN REGINA

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen of all the British territories

FID DEF HALF CROWN, TWO SHILLINGS, ONE SHILLING, SIX PENCE

Defender of the Faith, Half Crown (30d), Two Shillings (24d), One Shilling (12d), Six Pence (6d)

Elizabeth II cupro nickel

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen

FID DEF HALF CROWN, TWO SHILLINGS, ONE SHILLING, SIX PENCE

Defender of the Faith, Half Crown (30d), Two Shillings (24d), One Shilling (12d), Six Pence (6d)

Elizabeth II cupro nickel

ELIZABETH II DEI GRA BRITT OMN REGINA F D

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith

THREE PENCE

Three Pence (3d)

Elizabeth II brass three pence

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F D

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith

THREE PENCE

Three Pence (3d)

Elizabeth II brass three pence

ELIZABETH II DEI GRA BRITT OMN REGINA F D

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen of all the British territories, Defender of the Faith

ONE PENNY, HALF PENNY, FARTHING

One Penny (1d), Half Penny, (d) Farthing (d)

Elizabeth II bronze

ELIZABETH II DEI GRATIA REGINA F D

Elizabeth II by the Grace of God, Queen, Defender of the Faith

ONE PENNY, HALF PENNY, FARTHING

One Penny (1d), Half Penny, (d) Farthing (d)

Elizabeth II bronze

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